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British soldiers march during the hand-over ceremony at the NATO base 13 kilometers (8 miles) east of Macedonia's capital Skopje, on Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001. After the successful completion of NATO mission of collecting weapons from ethnic Albanian rebels, the code-named "Essential Harvest", the NATO presence in Macedonia will continue with operation "Amber Fox", with a mandate to contribute to the protection of the international monitors. (AP Photo/Boris Grdanoski)
Soldiers of the French Foreign Legion pass in front of an Italian tank while marching during the hand-over ceremony at the NATO base 13 kilometers (8 miles) east of Macedonia's capital Skopje, Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001. After the successful completion of the NATO mission of collecting weapons from ethnic Albanian rebels, code-named "Essential Harvest", the NATO presence in Macedonia will continue with operation "Amber Fox", with a mandate to contribute to the protection of the international monitors. (AP Photo/Boris Grdanoski)
The chief of EU Foreign and Security Affairs Javier Solana, second right and External Relations Commissioner Chris Patten, right, meet Macedonian Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski, left, in Skopje, Macedonia, Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001. The top EU officials arrived to demand strict implementation of the Aug. 13 peace accord between Macedonians and ethnic Albanians. (AP Photo/Boris Grdanoski)
The EU External Relations Commissioner Chris Patten, front, leaves the government building with an unidentified member of the delegation, rear, following talks with Macedonian Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski, in Skopje, Macedonia, Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001. The top EU officials arrived to demand strict implementation of the Aug. 13 peace accord between Macedonians and ethnic Albanians. (AP Photo/Boris Grdanoski)
Ethnic Albanians stand outside a municipal building in Aracinovo, Macedonia, 8 kilometers (5 miles) from Skopje, awaiting the outcome of negotiations between their representatives and Macedonian police officials Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001. Macedonian police officials tried Thursday to win the approval of leaders of an ethnic Albanian community for the deployment of police under a government plan to regain control over former rebel strongholds. (AP/Photo Nikolas Giakoumidis)
Two ethnic Albanian boys stand beside a police vehicle while negotiations take place between representatives of a local ethnic Albanian community and the police in Aracinivo, Macedonia, Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001. Macedonian police officials tried Thursday to win the approval of leaders of an ethnic Albanian community for the deployment of police under a government plan to regain control over former rebel strongholds. (AP/Photo Nikolas Giakoumidis)
International officials brokering peace in Macedonia appealed to the government to drop plans to redeploy police unilaterally into rebel regions October 4, 2001, warning that the move could ignite new violence. Two people try to put out a fire in a car after an explosion in the vehicle parked in front of the OSCE offices in Skopje, October 3, 2001. One person was killed and three were injured. (Ognen Teofilovski/Reuters)
Bulgarian President Petar Stoyanov (R) welcomes NATO Secretary General George Robertson (L) to his office in Sofia October 4, 2001. Robertson arrived in Sofia to take part in a Summit of Presidents of 10 former communist countries seeking NATO membership. REUTERS/Oleg Popov
Europe Praised Bulgaria's Economical Programme. The economical programme of Bulgaria's Government is serious and trustworthy, European Commission's Director General for Enlargement Eneko Landaburu said. To him, the point is in what terms is this programme to be carried out. Landaburu recommended that Bulgaria improved the management of the funds granted by the EU. On the photo: Sofia Mayor Stephan Sofianski shows the water processing plant in Koubratovo to Eneko Landaburu. Photo: Neli Nikolova (AB)
Car explodes in Macedonia.
A CAR exploded in central Skopje, killing the driver and seriously injuring a passerby, Macedonia's interior ministry said.
Witnesses said the car exploded as a woman was driving it down an avenue today in the centre of the Macedonian capital.
After the explosion, the car, its left side destroyed, continued to roll for 200 metres before coming to a halt, witnesses said.
Other passersby were slightly injured.
The cause of the accident was not immediately known, interior ministry spokesman Vasko Sutarov said, adding that police had opened an investigation.
PRIME MINISTER GEORGIEVSKI MEETS WITH SOLANA AND PATTEN.
Macedonian Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski met on Thursday with EU High Representative of Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana and with Euro-Commissioner of Foreign Affairs Chris Patten.
EU Special Representative to Macedonia Francois Leotard was also present at the meeting, which was focused on the implementation of the Framework Agreement, the progress of the parliamentary debate on the suggested constitutional changes and other issues connected to the security situation in the country.
The emphasis at the meeting was focused on the amnesty for the members of the so-called NLA, which is included in President Trajkovski's plan.
Prime Minister Georgievski presented the position of the Government in regard to these matters and pointed out the necessity of urgent financial assistance for Macedonia.
Macedonian Assembly Chairman Stojan Andov met Thursday EU High Representative of Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana and the Euro Commissioner on external relations Chris Patten.
The guests from the European Union were especially interested about the activities of the Macedonian Assembly and the completion of the process for adopting the constitutional amendments.
Andov informed Solana and Patten on the progress of the second phase from the procedure on constitutional amendments and the ongoing initiative for calling referendum. Regarding the third phase, Andov told to EU representatives that President Boris Trajkovski would submit the amendments in several stages, and the session of the Commission on constitutional matters as well as the Assembly session will be scheduled immediately after the amendments are in parliamentary procedure. Andov also spoke of the kidnapped persons that were not released, what is an act indicating that terrorist groups are still active in this region.
Upon the remark of EU's guests for speeding the parliamentary procedure, Andov assured them that the whole procedure in the Assembly has not been slowed down and is in compliance with the Macedonian Constitution and the Laws that regulate the work of the Macedonian Assembly.
Euro Commissioner on external relations Chris Patten stressed that Macedonia is among the priority issues of the European Union.
After the meeting with the Macedonian top politicians Patten stressed that he and EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana did not come to Skopje to impose pressure, emphasizing that there was an agreement supported with the Resolution of the UN Security Council signed by the Macedonian politicians."
"We should focus on implementing the agreement," Patten stressed.
General Director of Macedonian Power Company Lambe Arnaudov and Euro-Commissar of Foreign Relations Chris Patten signed an agreement for a donation of Euro 10,5 million i.e. DM 21 million today.
After the signing of the agreement, Euro-Commissar Patten stated that the funds would be intended for reconstruction of the damages on the electric-energetic infrastructure, which were caused by military actions in the crisis regions.
"In the framework of the first reconstruction phase Euro 5,5 million will be donated, and the rest would be donated by the middle of the month", Patten said and added "work will begin next week, and they are due to finish by the end of the year".
Arnaudov said that this donation was an obligation for the Power Company, which realisation "will direct future activities of the European Union". "Power-lines will be reconstructed first, continuing with the electric network, but we will try to do this parallel", Arnaudov said.
Patten stressed the political component of this donation, saying, "this is a fulfillment of the promises from the European Union". "Now it is up to Macedonia to fulfill its promises", Patten said. He estimated "there is a lack of political progress in Macedonia", but expressed hope that things would change.
He announced that the EU would try to enhance the proceedings in order for the Power Company to get the assistance. "We had an agreement with the Power Company that I hope will be kept, but we also have a political agreement, which was signed by the UN Security Council that I hope will be put into effect", Patten said.
Government Vice- President and President of Coordination Body for Crisis Management Ilija Filipovski said "this assistance will provide power energy for 100,000 houses, and the reconstruction of 4,800 houses in order for the displaced persons to return to their homes".
"The assistance that we expected from the EU has arrived, and we will review the plan for its realisation with the EU these days", Filipovski said.
Euro Commissioner on external relations Chris Patten signed Thursday in Skopje an agreement on reconstructing the damaged houses in the regions of crisis in Macedonia with the British non-governmental organization "Children's Aid Direct."
"Children's Aid Direct" will carry out the reconstruction activities through its office in Skopje. The organization has already participated in several other projects in Macedonia.
"The aim of the reconstruction program is to provide assistance for the citizens, to restore the confidence and to calm the political situation," Patten said prior to the signing of the agreement.
Around thousand damaged houses in Aracinovo, Tetovo and Kumanovo will be included in the reconstruction program, and they should be renovated by the beginning of the winter. "We have already provided Euro 1 million for reconstructing around two thousand houses in Tetovo area," Patten said, adding that the work has already started on dozen damaged houses in Lesok and Neprosteno villages.
Another 320 houses in Kumanovo region will be repaired with the money provided from the agreement, and their reconstruction will start next week and will last until the end of this year.
Speaking of the current political - security situation that can affect the program of the European Commission, Patten assessed that "the timetable has slipped badly and that should concern all and not just the European Union."
"I understand that the Macedonian Government has second thoughts whether October 15 is a sensible time for holding the donor's conference, but I hope that the Macedonian political leaders will take the responsibility, as the conference is hugely important and EU wants to see Macedonia in the European family," Patten said.
The Euro Commissioner expressed his wish to provide more assistance for Macedonia, but he said it was obvious that he would have to convince the donor countries that their means would be spent rationally.
Vice Presidents of the Macedonian Government Ilija Filipovski and Xhevdet Nasufi, Head of the European Commission to Macedonia Jose Manuel Pinto Teixeira and Head of IMF mission Bishvaxit Banerjee attended the signing ceremony.
High Representative of Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana and Euro-Commissioner of Foreign Affairs had today separate meetings with SDSM leader Branko Crvenkovski, DPA leader Arben Xhaferi and the leader of PDP Arben Xhaferi.
SDSM vice-president Nikola Popovski, who also participated at the meeting with Crvenkovski, said that it was focused on the implementation of the Framework Agreement.
"It is both our and their impression that there are some problems that disable the implementation of the Agreement. We offered solution for this situation," Popovski said, without to reveal any details, due to, as he said, "understandable reasons."
"Our estimation is that their visit is essential for implementation of the constitutional amendments, regarding the amnesty and regaining of the control over the entire territory of the Republic of Macedonia," Popovski stated.
"It is possible new agreement to be made by the four political parties, and what will be agreed will be implemented both by the parliament and the government," he said.
The DPA vice-president Menduh Thaci said that he and party leader Arben Xhaferi pointed out that "an agreement is agreement, and the civilized societies survive only with agreement." He said that they would not step back from what was agreed, adding that the DPA was not ready for new agreements.
PDP leader Imer Imeri said that his party would not accept individual voting on the amendments to the Constitution. He also said that PDP would not accept future talks, because, as he said, "all compromises have been made."
He sees the way out from this situation in the political will.
Macedonian President Boris Trajkovski received Thursday Romanian Foreign Minister and OSCE Chairman in Office Mircea Geoana. They discussed the current political situation in the country.
Geoana was particularly interested in the implementation of the Agenda for returning the security forces in the regions of crisis, where OSCE civil monitors will have an important role in confidence building measures on local level.
President Trajkovski expressed his firm commitments and belief that the whole process of reestablishing the constitutional law order in Republic of Macedonia will be according to the agreed dynamics and closely coordinated with OSCE mission to the country.
The interlocutors agreed that the amnesty of terrorists that voluntarily laid the weapons and have not committed any criminal acts is integral part of the process.
Macedonian Minister of Interior Ljube Boskovski received Romanian Foreign Minister and OSCE Chairman Mircea Geoana today.
Minister Boskovski presented the current security situation in the country to his interlocutor, emphasising the operations for the return of Macedonian security forces in the crisis region.
Minister Boskovski informed Geoana that the Ministry of Interior fulfilled its obligations that were envisaged by the peace plan of President Trajkovski.
Geoana emphasised the determination of OSCE to help Macedonia to come out of the crisis and bring back peace and mutual life in the country, while Minister Boskovski underlined the openness of the Ministry of Interior for cooperation with OSCE.
SECURITY COUNCIL APPROVED PLAN FOR RETURN OF SECURITY FORCES IN CRISIS REGIONS.
At today's session, the Security Council approved the plan for the return of security forces in crisis regions and recommended their entrance in the next few days, with prior coordination with OSCE and EU missions, as well as the new NATO mission in Macedonia.
As announced by the Cabinet of President Trajkovski, a suitable media campaign should inform the local population about the time and places where Macedonian security forces would enter, thus establishing cooperation with the legal representatives with the local self-government units.
The Security Council concluded that the authorized state organs and institutions should continue in the insistence before the International Committee of the Red Cross to engage in clearing up the problem of the kidnapped persons from Tetovo region.
The Security Council reviewed the issue of giving amnesty to the former members of the so-called NLA, who voluntarily submitted their weapons and concluded that it was necessary to find a solution by the authorized state organs on this issue as soon as possible.
The Council condemned the statements of US special envoy James Pardew in connection to the existence of certain nationalistic para-military structures in the Republic of Macedonia, thus continuing the wrong policy of some foreign politicians, who have been present in our country recently.
ANDOV: NO DEBATE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS UNTIL KIDNAPPED PERSONS ARE NOT RELEASED.
Chairman of the Macedonian Parliament Stojan Andov said at today's press conference that he expects to receive part of the amendments that have been completed today or latest tomorrow. As Andov said, President Trajkovski informed him that due to the size of the material, he would have to submit the amendments in two parts.
Andov said that as soon as he receives the draft-amendments he would schedule Parliament debate.
"That is the plan, but there is still the demand for liberation of the kidnapped persons. The terrorist groups promised to disband themselves and to liberate all kidnapped persons.
As Andov said, the Ohrid Agreement and the agreements made with NATO Secretary General George Robertson do not allow future tolerance for any form of violence.
In regard to the claims of NATO spokesman Mark Laity that these persons were missing and not kidnapped, Andov explained that these people were taken by force from their homes by armed persons dressed in "NLA" uniforms.
Referring to the comments of U.S. special envoy James Pardew, who said that the agreements between Andov and Robertson had no relevance because Robertson had no authorization to make such agreements, Andov said that the talks with Robertson took place on his request, and on request of EU High Representative of Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana, OSCE Chairman Mircea Geoana and Belgian Foreign Minister Louis Michelle. Andov said that when the negotiations took place no one had any remarks regarding the authority of Robertson, and stressed that Pardew and Leotard were also present at the meeting.
"Pardew's current position is aimed to present my request as additional condition and to exempt the international community from its responsibility toward the kidnapped persons," Andov stated.
"On September 1st, when I mentioned that there are kidnapped persons, I was not put under pressure by the international community but by our politicians, among whom was the Minister of defense Vlado Buckovski, who claimed that there are no kidnapped persons," Andov stated.
He stressed that the international community ought to show more respect toward our state institutions and political authorities.
"We want to have close cooperation with the international community, but they should know that Macedonia is not a protectorate, nor that Macedonia is Kosovo or Bosnia, and therefore the arguments of the legally elected representatives ought to be heard," Stojan Andov said.
Eneko Landaburu would assist Bulgaria to open all the remaining chapters in the negotiations with the European Union.
Director General of the European Commissions Expansion Department Eneko Landaburu would assist Bulgaria to open all the remaining chapters in the negotiations for joining the European Union this year. According to the working program, Bulgaria must start negotiations on 7 more chapters before the end of the Belgian Chairmanship. He said that opening chapters was the easiest, but the important issue was how many chapters were closed.
Bread to Cost 1 lev.
A day after the brewers declared the rise of the prices, the bakers did not lag behind. Till end-year the bread prices will up by 20 percent and is to pin the 1 lev per kilogram, said sources from the Bakers and Confectioners Federation yesterday. The actual price of the daily bread was reportedly from 0.96 to 1 lev per kg, the last assessments of the branch members show.
Stoyanov: The significance of NATO became clear after September 11.
I think that all people who doubted the need of NATO existence, now, after September 11, would hardly find arguments in defence of their opinion. The terror attacks on September 11 should serve as a catalyst for a new interpretation of NATO's enlargement policy. That is what president Petar Stoyanov said yesterday, two days before the summit in Sofia, which starts tomorrow. I don't expect that on October 5 in Sofia the parameters of the future enlargement will be announced or concrete countries will be named, Stoyanov added. The Balkan problems couldn't be solved by the establishment of whatever 'Balkan Pact'. I'm a categorical opponent of the separate institutionalization of the Balkans in whatever form it could be. His stand is that the Balkans are a part of Europe and their crisis situation should find their solution only through the mechanisms of the entire European policy.
NATO Enlargement to the East Needed More Than Ever.
Ion Iliescu, President of Romania, especially for 'Standart'
The summit in Sofia is a stage in the succession of the process of structuring of the common stands of the countries willing to become NATO members in its enlargement to the East. I consider these meetings very important and useful, because they are a form of shared solidarity and cooperation between the countries willing to join the organization, on the one hand, and the official representatives of NATO, on the other. It's important that all the countries express their stands, as well as harmonize them with the rest candidate-members and NATO membering countries. In the context of the terror attacks against the USA its important for us to discuss the new challenges to peace and security in our region and to find the best response to this threats. I expect that at the forum in Sofia we'll have one positive and realistic exchange of opinions, that will allow the top NATO representatives and the state leaders from the participant countries to structure better their resolutions and actions in the prospect of the decision, that would be taken in Prague in the autumn of 2002.
Statement by Minister Tonino Picula.
for the "Standart" Daily
The Sofia summit should be the peek of a fruitful season of cooperation between ten countries that embarked on a route towards NATO membership. Aware that the concepts of alliance and partnership are the most efficient guardians of stability and security on both sides of Atlantic, we believe that shared responsibilities, complementary policies and interoperability are the basics for any present and especially future cooperation in the Euro-Atlantic area. We should bear these values in mind while deliberating future endeavors in this area. That also applies to the combat against international terrorism: the common strategy is already taking shape. Croatia recognizes and supports the need to enhance coordination of efforts at all levels in order to facilitate a global response to this serious challenge and threat to international security. Given the experience to date, I have no doubts that the Sofia Summit will achieve full success. I have to express my satisfaction with this ongoing process - the process that made our contacts intense and substantial, the process dominated by a spirit of support and solidarity. The Republic of Croatia strongly supports and endorses the idea that prospect of integration remains to be the best possible incentive for reforms. I hope that on this we will continue to build and maintain the cooperation within the group of our countries.
Robertson Informs Sofia of Retaliatory Strike.
President Petar Stoyanov and NATO Secretary General George Robertson will discuss the situation in the world and the preparation for retaliatory strike against terrorism. The head of NATO will arrive in Bulgaria to take part in the summit, which will be held tomorrow. Today Lord Robertson will meet with the Bulgarian President. At a breakfast tomorrow he will inform the rest of the guests, among whom the nine presidents of the countries willing to join NATO, Foreign and Defence Ministers.
Greeks shun Uncle Sam.
Greek allegiances tested.
Greek Foreign Minister George Papandreou on a US visit.
By Helena Smith in Athens.
The assault on America, and the prospect of US military reprisals, is tormenting Greece in a way that, once more, highlights the country's uneasy relationship with the West.
As the Greek Foreign Minister George Papandreou makes an official visit to the US - reassuring Washington of Athens' unstinting support in the fight against terrorism, and touring the smouldering ruins of the World Trade Center - his compatriots are expressing their own views by holding rowdy "anti-war" rallies across Greece.
From the northern port city of Salonika to the southern island of Crete, protestors are participating in demonstrations that have increasingly turned into fervent displays of anti-Americanism.
Not long after the September 11th attack, some 30,000 Greek soccer fans, attending a Uefa match against a Scottish team in Athens, jeered through the moment's silence held in honour of the terror victims.
The Scots looked on aghast as they then tried to burn the Stars and Stripes in the stands.
About 5,000 attended an anti-war protest in Athens.
Organized by the powerful Greek Communist Party (KKE), the protests come less than two years after Greeks expressed similar opposition to Nato's bombing campaign against their co-religionists in Serbia.
With the demonstrators frequently shouting "down with Bush, the killer", analysts say the protests are even more strident than they were in 1999.
"America will use the excuse of a military reaction to settle all its old scores with poor, third world countries. We must try and stop it", said Kostas Kazakos Greece's leading stage actor addressing one such rally in Athens.
Successive opinion polls have showed the Greeks to be, by far, the least sympathetic of all Euro-Alliance nations to post-attack America.
They have also been the least willing to take action against countries harbouring terrorists.
A poll published in Wednesday's authoritative Athenian newspaper Ta Nea noted that as many as 75% of those Greeks voting for centrist or leftist parties were "anti-American" and opposed to the superpower retaliating against the attack, fearing the quest for justice could turn into one of revenge.
Around 58.3% of those who supported right-wing parties were also "anti-American."
Echoing a view first expressed by Archbishop Christodoulos, the country's spiritual leader, most said Uncle Sam was now paying the price for Washington's misguided policies, and other sins of the past.
In trying to explain the opposition, analysts point to the Greeks' delicate geo-political position as citizens of a Christian buffer state, at the crossroads of the east and west.
Archbishop Christodoulos is head of the Greek Orthodox Church.
But the Greeks also cite America's support for the ruthless military regime that ruled them between 1967 and 1974 as the root cause of their reaction.
In addition, they say, Washington is guilty of "double-standards". The Greeks believe the US has failed to pressure Nato ally Turkey to remove some 35,000 Turkish troops from Cyprus, 27 years after Ankara invaded and seized the island's northern third in response to an Athens engineered coup.
The demonstrations, and intense media criticism of US policies in the wake of the suicide bombings, has outraged classics buffs, dyed-in-the wool philhellenes and Greeks living abroad.
"What have we done to the Greeks to deserve such antipathy?" Professor Stephen Miller, one of America's most eminent classical archaeologists, railed in a letter published in the the Greek daily Kathimerini.
Greek-Americans, who lobby tirelessly on Athens' behalf in Washington, have also been unable to contain their rage.
Some have even said they will be cancelling plans to attend the 2004 Olympics in the Greek capital.
"We condemn and reject the shameless and baseless insults and blatant slander of fellow Greeks in the motherland," snapped the Federation of Greek Associations of Greater New York in a blistering statement.
Propaganda Analysis: An Analysis of the CNN/NPR Adona/Anne Frank of Kosovo Propaganda Campaign.
By Carl K. Savich
In January, 1999, as the US and NATO were preparing to launch a pre-planned massive bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, National Public Radio (NPR)and the Cable News Network (CNN) began featuring news stories--- meant to buttress and to support the US government propaganda war effort ---about an Albanian girl in Kosovo, using the pseudonym of Adona, who began sending e mail messages to a radio station in California, Youth Radio. Using her NPR/CNN pseudonym of Adona, she started sending e mail messages to a high school student in California, Finnegan Hamill. NPR and CNN ran a series of reports on the ''Anne Frank of Kosovo'', the CNN/NPR Albanian Anne Frank, known also as the Anne Frank with a Laptop as she became known because she used a computer. The unstated assumption was that a Holocaust or genocide was occurring in Kosovo (and not what it actually was, a racist Albanian separatist movement to create an ethnically pure Kosova). Adona was the Albanian Kosovo Anne Frank, the 1990s version of Anne Frank, the Shqiptar Anne Frank, but with a difference. The real Anne Frank used the old-fashioned and pass diary, which was antiquated and obsolete in the cyberspace era, the Information Age. Instead of the old-fashioned diary format, this Albanian Anne Frank had gone high-tech, replacing the outdated diary was a state of the art computer with a photo scanner and an Internet link. The Anne Frank with a Laptop, Adona, was writing her messages in cyberspace. Unlike the Bosnian Muslim Anne Frank, Zlata Filipovic, who used the obsolete diary format, the Albanian Anne Frank was using state of the art communications technology and infowar techniques. Propaganda had reached a new threshold, cyberspace.
CNN and NPR were at the forefront of information technology coordinated with the Pentagon and US government, they were pioneering new propaganda and infowar techniques and methods. US propaganda had come a long way since the Committee on Public Information established by US propagandist George Creel under the Woodrow Wilson Administration, who understood the value of propaganda or information (the American euphemism for propaganda, same thing, different name). Propaganda had gone high-tech, propaganda was now using the new cyberspace technology. Moreover, the Adona/Anne Frank propaganda was significant in that a Christian Church, the First Congregational Church of Berkeley, California, was the main sponsor of racist propaganda on behalf of Muslim separatists/terrorists organized against Orthodox Christians. The US Christian Church was integrated in the US government infowar. Propaganda had reached new thresholds. But who was behind the propaganda planning and strategy behind the Laptop Anne Frank propaganda? How did the Albanian Anne Frank infowar strategy originate?
Political propaganda is invariably at the behest of and in the service of government, in this case, the US government. According to Finnegan Hamill, this infowar strategy began when he had the week off from hockey practice. The e mail address of an Albanian girl was given to him gratuitously by a peace worker who had just recently returned from Kosovo.Hamill is vague purposely about the US peace worker from Kosovo. But was it accidental that this information was given to Hamill? What were the peace workers ties to the US government, State Department, CIA, Pentagon, MPRI? The names, affiliations, and reasons for giving him the e mail address were left blank. Hamill met the peace worker at a meeting of his church, the First Congregational Church of Berkeley, which was intricately involved in the propaganda strategy. Adona, whose real name is Kujtesa Bejtullahu, an Albanian Muslim, was 16 years old, the same age as Hamill. Was this accidental? According to a CNN report, Adona had access to a computer and wanted to correspond with youth in the United States. Hamill sent Adona an e mail message. The next day he received an e mail message in response that was to change the way he saw the world. Below is her first e mail message:
Hello, Finnegan. I am glad you wrote to me so soon. About my English, I have learned it through the movies, school, special classes, etcetera, but mostly from TV. I can speak Serbian as well, Spanish and understand a bit of Turkish. You never know what will happen to you.
In a second e mail, Adona wrote:
Hello Finney, I guess youre OK. Well Finney (I like calling you that) did I tell you that I am not a practicing Muslim and do you know why! because, if the Turks didnt force my grand grandparents to change their religion, I might now have been a catholic or an orthodoxPersonally, I agree with Decartes (sic) when he says that god is imagined by the human mind. Bye, Adona.
In a third e mail, Adona wrote:
About the NATO thing, you know I feel they should come here and protect us. I wish somebody could. I dont even know how many people get killed anymore I really dont want to end up raped, with no parts of body like the massacred ones. You dont know how lucky you are to have a normal life. We all want to be free and living like you do, having our rights and not be pushed and pushed. P.S. Send me photos of you, I will be sending some of mine as soon as the scanner gets fixed.
In a studio of Youth Radio, Hamill reported the radio segment while Belia Mayeno-Choy narrated the e mails. Revealing in the above e mail is the fact that Adona has a photo scanner. Youth Radio is stated to be a non-profit organization based in Berkeley that produced segments that appeared on KQED and KCBS in San Francisco on NPR and Pacifica National Network. All these organizations had one thing in common, they are dependent on US Government funding and support and can be seen as government front groups.
Why was there a need for using the Trasfer Technique in this propaganda campaign? The CNN/NPR Adona/Anne Frank propaganda/infowar relied on misinformation, disinformation, and falsification. CNN/NPR erroneously claimed that ''ethnic Albanians were barred from attending schools and universities'' in Kosovo. This is a falsehood. In fact, Albanian separatists were boycotting Yugoslav schools and universities. Albanians chose not to attend schools and universities that were not Albanian-run and in the Albanian-language and based on an Albanian curriculum introduced from Tirana, Albania. In short, Albanians refused to attend non-Albanian schools. This was a form of apartheid, like the South African model. The Albanians instead set up ''parallel'' schools and universities, a ''parallel'' educational system that maintained this racist apartheid and promoted a Greater Albania, an ethnically homogenous and pure Albanian statelet. This is what the propaganda sought to conceal. Moreover, the separatist/secessionist nature of the conflict was similarly camouflaged by the US propaganda. The Albanian population ''demanded'' their own state, Kosova, ''demanded'' incorporation into a Greater Albania, ''demanded'' their own language. The Kosovo conflict was a secessionist/terrorist conflict dedicated to the goal of establishing Greater Albania. Human and minority rights had nothing whatsoever to do with the conflict. The 1974 Yugoslav Constitution had given the Albanian minority in Yugoslavia greater political rights and freedoms than any other Constitution in Europe of in any other nation.
Even before the conflict in Kosovo-Metohija had begun, the US Government, the US media, and special interest groups began covertly laying the propaganda groundwork for US military intervention. First, apropos of nothing, books began to appear on the Kosovo conflict, books written specifically and especially to persuade the American public for war against Yugoslavia on behalf of the Albanian Muslim minority.. These books were classic propaganda tracts, essential specimens of effective government propaganda meant to create a framework for military operations.
A conspicuous book was Adem's Cross (published in October,1996, hardcover; 1998, paperback edition, by Farrar Straus and Giroux)by Alice Mead, written for a youthful audience, highlighting the alleged human rights abuses against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo and the alleged repression/oppression, but conveniently omitting the violent and racist separatist nature of the conflict, racially motivated and virulently anti-Serbian and anti-Orthodox. Mead, a writer of children's books such as Junebug, was an advocate for the Kosovo Albanian separatists, having written letters, articles, and having produced a video, ''Kosovo and the Death of Yugoslavi' on behalf of Albanian Muslim separatism/terrorism. Mead was at the forefront of the advocacy/propaganda for Albanian separatism. Adem was a 14 year-old Albanian who lived in a Kosovo village where they drank Coke and watched MTV. This is an example of the Plain Folks Technique in propaganda analysis. Susan Sontag used this technique in the Bosnian civil war. Sontag argued that the Bosnian Muslims were ''after all, just like us.'' The propaganda is intended to induce sympathy for the Albanians by suggesting that after all, they are just like us, just like us Americans, just like the nation induced to militarily intervene on their behalf, the Coca Cola generation and the MTV generation. Adem and his family, the ''victims'', ''innocent people'', suffer from ''repression'' in ''Serb-occupied'' Kosovo. Adem's sister Fatmira is machine-gunned at a peace rally in Kosovo by the ''cruel and capricious Serbian military''. Adem has the bones in his hand broken by three Serbian soldiers who carve a large ''Cyrillic cross, symbol of Serbia'', on his chest with a pocket knife. This racist and religious bigotry is where the title is derived from. This is fictionalized racism and bigotry, but factual instances of such crimes have occurred. Patriarch Pavle had his hands broken by Albanian separatists/terrorists and the UCK/NLA/KLA in Macedonia did carve the initials on the backs and hands on Macedonian Orthodox Christians who were kidnapped by Albanian separatists/terrorists. The Orthodox Macedonian Christians were tortured, their bodies mutilated, and they were also forced to perform fellatio on each other and other sex acts. In Kosovo-Metohija, the Albanian separatists sodomized Serbian Orthodox victims with beer bottles. Serbian women and girls were repeatedly raped in Kosovo in a systematic policy to drive out all non-Albanian Muslims. In propaganda, this is known as projection or transference. Mead projects the crimes of the Albanian separatists/terrorists onto the Serbian victims, known as propaganda projection. In the novel, Adem relates that the Yugoslav police ''sang songs about killing us We were like mirrorsthe reverse of each other.'' Three years after the novel was published, the Racak Massacre, a staged US propaganda event, known as propaganda of the deed, the same allegations emerged, that Serbian police sang while executing Albanian civilians. Here life imitates art? The plot revolves around Adem and his family who are ''tortured and imprisoned'' by the ''totalitarian regime'' by ''Serbian soldiers wanting to reclaim the land they owned prior to the Battle of Kosovo in 1389.''
In April, 2001, Mead released a follow-up novel, Girl of Kosovo, a quasi-Anne Frank novella for children. The plot centers around a pseudo-Anne Frank figure named Zana Dugolli, an Albanian girl who witnesses the UCK separatist/terrorist war in Kosovo. Her family is just like us we are told. The Dugolli family watches sports on ESPN and Zanas brother plays Nintendo. Like Adona and Adem, Zana is oppressed/repressed by the totalitarian state but yet absurdly has access to computers with an internet linkup and photo scanners, MTV cable channels, and cable sports channels. Is this repression/oppression in the New World Order? Is this genocide? The Girl of Kosovo is meant in propaganda or infowar terms to rely on the Anne Frank/Holocaust propaganda analogy or paradigm. Indeed, Hazel Rochman, in an American Library Association review, concluded: Add this to the Holocaust curriculum. Girl of Kosovo is an example of the Transfer Technique in propaganda, transferring the Holocaust to the Kosovo separatist/terrorist war.
British historian Miranda Vickers, an Albania scholar and a historian of Albanian history, wrote Between Serb and Albanian: The History of Kosovo, published in 1998, giving propaganda support to the Albanian separatist position. Noel Malcolm, a historian with dubious credentials in ethnic conflict and no background in Balkan history, attempted a comprehensive history of the Balkan region, who had earlier published the pro-Muslim and anti-Serbian racist diatribe Bosnia: a Short History in 1992, now published Kosovo: A Short History, another racist, bigoted, anti-Orthodox, anti-Serbian propaganda tract and virulent polemic in support of Albanian separatism and independence. Malcolm, at best an inflammatory propagandistic hack and pompous intellectual elitist, inconsistently opposed Bosnian Serb separatism but vehemently supported Albanian separatism. So much for consistency.
The CIA published maps of Kosovo-Metohija in 1992 which was a tip-off that military intervention was contemplated. Kosovo: In the Heart of the Balkan Powder Keg, edited by Robert Elsie, was published in 1997 presenting a collection of Albanian propaganda tracts gathered from throughout the twentieth century in support of a Greater Albania, which would consist of Kosovo-Metohija, Southern Serbia, territory from Montenegro, and the Western area of Macedonia, Illirida in the Greater Albania lexicon. Albanians had claims on Greece as well, Chameria, the northern part of Greece. In 1998, CNN staff and personnel sought to gain entry into Kosovo. Ted Turner himself sought to establish a media center in Pristina to cover the ensuing conflict, modeled on the CNN coverage in Sarajevo. Christianne Amanpour was selected to cover the Kosovo conflict. Kosovo was modeled on the Bosnia conflict, Kosovo was going to be Bosnia II, a repeat performance of the Bosnian civil war.
In propaganda analysis, the Anne Frank of Kosovo propaganda is an example of a routine propaganda technique known as the Transfer Technique. The US Army Psychological Operations Field Manual No. 33-1, under Appendix 1: PSYOP Techniques, defined the Transfer Technique as follows:
Transfer: This is a technique of projecting positive or negative qualities (praise or blame) of a person, entity, object, or value (an individual, group, organization, nation, patriotism, etc.) to another in order to make the second more acceptable or to discredit it. This technique is generally used to transfer blame from one member of a conflict to another. It evokes an emotional response, which stimulates the target to identify with recognized authorities.
Simply put, the Holocaust and Anne Frank propaganda campaigns were used as part of the Transfer Technique in US propaganda, to transfer or project a positive value on the Albanian separatist conflict which normally would be perceived as negative, that is, murderous, racist, Albanian cutthroats and thugs are through propaganda projection transformed into victims of genocide. The US propaganda machine relies on what works, so the MO or pattern is easy to discern. The Anne Frank propaganda began with the Bosnian civil war, with the Bosnian Muslim Anne Frank, Zlata Filipovic, who later went to live in a Paris villa to prepare her diary for publication.
Why is the Anne frank propaganda so prevalent and when did it originate? In 1947 in the Netherlands, Anne Franks diary was first published in Dutch as Het Achterhuis (The House Behind). In 1952, a major translation in English appeared as Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl. In 1955, a play of the book appeared by Albert Hackett and Frances Goodrich. In 1959, a Hollywood movie, The Diary of Anne Frank, was released. In 1993, the US Holocaust Memorial and Museum in Washington, DC, was opened as were many Holocaust museums in US cities. The Diary was not only a central fixture of the Holocaust museum and literature, but also was a part of US classroom curricula, and was the subject of endless documentaries.
Norman G. Finkelstein, who teaches political theory at Hunter College, of the City University of New York, examined and analyzed the exploitation and manipulation of the Holocaust in The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering by Verso Press (hardcover,2000; paperback edition, 2001). The Holocaust Industry is a critical expose about how the Holocaust is used to advance countless agendas, from Zionism, to the construction of Holocaust Museums, to advancing Jewish causes in the US and around the world, the remembrance of the Holocaust became an industry, and a crucial component of US foreign policy propaganda, creating the propaganda basis for humanitarian intervention and the prevention of alleged genocide globally and generally to support US military action and intervention around the world. Finkelstein's mother was a survivor of the Warsaw Ghetto and the Maidanek concentration camp while his father survived the Warsaw Ghetto and Auschwitz. Finkelstein criticized the World Jewish Congress (WJC), the World Jewish Restitution Organization, Edgar Bronfman, leader of the World Jewish Congress and Seagrams, of using ''ruthless extortion tactics'' and that the ''Holocaust industry'' was one of the main ''fomenters of anti-Semitism today''. The anti-Serbian, anti-Orthodox, anti-Macedonian New York Times is regarded as the ''main promotional vehicle'' of the Holocaust Industry. According to Finkelstein, who did a content analysis, ''for frequency of coverage, the Holocaust places a close second to the daily weather report.'' The US is the center of the agitation: ''The U.S. is the corporate headquarters of the Holocaust industry.'' The Holocaust Industry emerged following the 1967 Arab-Israeli War when Israel became a prime vehicle for advancing US geopolitical interests in the Middle East against the Soviet-backed Arab states. American Jews made the Holocaust and Israel the primary focus of their concern and intertwined the two disparate concerns. American Jews thus focused on the Holocaust to buttress their support and sponsorship of Israel. Finkelstein noted: ''I sometimes think the worst thing that ever happened to the Nazi Holocaust was that American Jews discovered it.'' The Holocaust was used to manipulate reparations as an ''extortion racket'' and to the falsification of Israeli atrocities against Palestinians and illegal settlements and the assassinations policy and US financial and military support to the Israeli government and military. The case against Swiss banks was orchestrated by Bronfman, who has close ties to the US government, to pressure the Swiss government by threatening US sanctions if the Swiss did not meet the World Jewish Congress ultimatum. Finkelstein attacked the creation of Holocaust Museums as ''a kind of circus''. There were no Holocaust Museums for the millions of Native American Indians who were ethnically cleansed from their indigenous lands and murdered and exterminated in a massive and systematic genocide, no museum for the Armenian Genocide, no museum for the Gypsies (Roma) murdered during the Holocaust, no museum for the Serbian Orthodox victims of the Croatian/Vatican NDH regime. Moreover, a higher proportion of Gypsy or Roma of Europe died than of the Jewish population according to Finkelstein. He criticized the self-aggrandizement of the American-Jewish community which pictures itself as a victim while, in fact, the American-Jewish community is affluent. Jews have double the income of non-Jews. Jews make up 16 of the 40 wealthiest Americans. Finally, the uniqueness of the Jewish Holocaust is criticized. The Holocaust Industry portrays the Holocaust as unique in history and thus above critical analysis and debate. The result is that no learning or understanding can occur. There is no factual basis to allege that the Jewish Holocaust is special or unique in history. Needless to say, Finkelsteins book was dismissed and ignored in the US.
The Holocaust was used as the propaganda rationale for the NATO/US ''humanitarian intervention'' and occupation of Yugoslavia. The Kosovo Conflict was replete with Holocaust images, terminology, and analogies: Genocide, war crimes, massacres, ethnic cleansing, refugees, assassinations of Albanian political leaders, a dictator in the form of Slobodan Milosevic, the ''Butcher of the Balkans'', who was analogized to Adolf Hitler. To be sure, the propaganda model was the Bosnia civil war where the same propaganda/infowar paradigm was employed by the US government/media. Wars come and wars go but the propaganda techniques always remain the same. Invariably, once wars end the government/media quickly cover-up and discard the propaganda they used in that war. Does anyone even remember the CNN/NPR Adona or Anne Frank of Kosovo US propaganda campaign today? But a more important question is this: Was this a moral and ethical use of the Holocaust, to foment racism and ethnic hatred against Orthodox Christians to advance the US government/media war propaganda? Is this the exploitation of Jewish suffering to advance the interests of the Pentagon, the Israel lobby, and American-Jewish groups and organizations who will prosper economically/politically/militarily if the Serbian population is killed and displaced from their lands? The real Anne Frank died at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. By contrast, Adona came on an all-paid trip with three Albanian companions to California to party, gloat, and enjoy herself after her brilliant church-funded and church-sponsored propaganda war which resulted in a brilliant CNN/NPR propaganda success. The Bosnian Muslim Anne Frank left Sarajevo to live in a comfortable Paris villa where she celebrated her propaganda/infowar success.
Why was the US Government/media supporting the UCK/KLA/NLA, Albanian separatists/terrorists conducting a racist secessionist war against the population of Yugoslavia? In 1998, the US government condemned the KLA/UCK as a ''terrorist'' group and organization that targeted Serbian civilians and police. Under the US Code, terrorism is defined, under which definition the KLA applies. Moreover, arming, training, funding, and supplying known terrorist groups is illegal under the Code. The KLA falls clearly within the US Code definition of terrorist organization/group. Why did the US government/media invoke the Holocaust analogy in arming, training, funding, and supplying a known terrorist organization, the KLA/UCK separatists/secessionists/terrorists? The British news agency Reuters explained that one mans terrorist is another mans freedom fighter. During World War II, Heinrich Himmlers Waffen SS troops were regarded as ''freedom fighters'' and ''liberators'', freeing nationalities and ethnic groups, such as the Baltic states, Croatia, Kosovo Albanians, Slovakia, and Transylvania Hungarians. Adolf Hitler explained the 1938 Munich Agreement as advancing the minority/national/ethnic rights of the Sudetenland German population. The 1939 invasion of Poland was predicated on the assumption that Germany sought to protect the German minority from oppression/repression in Poland, Danzig, and the Corridor. In the New World Order lexicon, similar to George Orwells ''Newspeak'' in 1984s Oceania, mujahedin, ''rebels'', the resistance, insurgents, guerrillas are used to describe terrorists that are supported and sponsored by the US. The New World Order propaganda lexicon is actually very simplistic and easy to understand by the cattle/herd. If the armed groups advance US military/political/economic interests, if they are clients or client states of the US, if the US funds, supplies, arms, and trains the armed groups, then they are dutifully termed ''rebels'', ''freedom fighters'', mujahedin, and ''resistance groups''. If the US government does not sponsor or support the armed groups, if they are not clients and client states, then the groups are ''terrorists'', ''separatists''. Propaganda techniques never change regardless of which government uses them. All governments are a necessary evil. This is the reason why the Founding Fathers of the US created checks and balances and enumerated a Bill of Rights to safeguard and protect democratic principles. The Founding Fathers tended to agree with Samuel Johnson: ''Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel.'' But in the New World Order dictionary, one mans patriotism is another mans nationalism and ultra-nationalism. The analysis is the same. If US military/political/economic interests are advanced, we term it patriotism; if the opposite is the case, we term it ''nationalism'' and ''ultra-nationalism''.
This type of governmental/military misuse, hijacking, manipulation, and exploitation of the Holocaust degrades the Holocaust and trivializes it and creates an anti-Jewish backlash. Why dont more people protest and dissent against this blatant misuse and unethical manipulation of the Holocaust? When I queried him about the US exploitation of the Holocaust to advance US military/economic interests in the Balkans, Finkelstein agreed that the US government manipulated the Holocaust on behalf of the Holocaust Industry:
It is quite clear that the US invoked the Holocaust/Hitler images for purely opportunist reasons.
This is not surprising, since the US State Department was instrumental in creating the US Holocaust Museum. The US government wanted to use the Museum to advance its agenda. Why waste the money on a museum when you can use the propaganda value for military operations abroad? Elie Wiesel, Abe Waxman of the Anti-Defamation League, the US Holocaust Memorial and Museum, all contributed to making the Holocaust central in US propaganda. Holocaust Museums and Holocaust projects, studies, and research, gave the issue high PR visibility. Israel and the Holocaust became inseparable and any advance of Israel was supported. Waxman, for instance, supported Marc Richs pardon because Rich had been an agent of the Israeli government. David Finn, the head of the Ruder-Finn PR firm, based his propaganda efforts on Holocaust themes. This explains why Zlatas Diary, the Bosnian Muslim Anne Frank, and Adona, the Albanian Laptop Anne Frank of Kosovo, became key components of the NPR/CNN Holocaust propaganda. But who was the real Anne Frank?
The real Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929, in Franfort-on-Main, Germany. She had an older sister, Margot. The family moved to Holland in 1933 when Adolf Hitler came to power. She began writing her diary after Holland was occupied by Germany and the Franks hid in a Secret Annex. She addressed her Diary, Dear Kitty, and recounted her experiences hiding in the Annexe during the German New Order in Europe. She listened to BBC broadcasts and managed to hide there until an informant gave away their location. The Grune Polizei seized the Secret Annexe on August 4,1944 and the Franks were sent to concentration camps. By contrast, the Bosnian Muslim Anne Frank, Zlata Filipovic, moved to a comfortable and posh villa in Paris after the first year of the Bosnian civil war, while the Albanian Anne Frank of Kosovo, Adona, accompanied by three Albanian Kosovar friends, came to Berkeley, California to finish high school in San Francisco. The educational tour was paid for and sponsored by the First Congregational Church of Berkeley as the Church was instrumental in the propaganda campaign. Here is an example of a Christian denomination, a Christian church, fomenting and sponsoring anti-Christian propaganda on behalf of Muslim separatists who would kill and displace Christians from their land and destroy and demolish Christian Orthodox Churches. After the NATO occupation of Kosovo, over 250,000 Kosovo Serbs, Kosovo Jews, Roma, Slavic Muslims, and Turks were driven out, creating an ethnically pure Albanian Kosova. The UCK separatists demolished up to a hundred Serbian Orthodox Churches and murdered Serbian and Roma civilians, hunting them down like animals, and kidnapping others. The role of the First Congregational Church is also a remarkable example of a Christian Church working with the government propaganda machine, aiding and abetting the war effort, complicit in and colluding with the government war propaganda. This church and government collusion in producing racist and bigoted propaganda and infowar against the Serbian population raises troubling questions about the separation of church and state in the US. Under the US Constitution, in the First Amendment, there must be a fundamental separation of church and state, of religion and the political government. But here we have a violation of the primary principles of the US Constitutional framework. To kill and displace Serbian Christians from their land in Kosovo, the US propaganda war violated many of the tenets of its own principles. The victims in this racist war propaganda were ultimately American citizens. In dehumanizing the Serbian population, the propaganda machine of the US government dehumanized US citizens. The First Congregational Church of Berkeley violated the principle of the separation of church and state by mindlessly supporting the US government propaganda war that was morally selective and chosen to advance US economic/military/and political interests in the Balkan region. In the 1960s Berkeley had a reputation as an anti-war community that was at the forefront of opposition to the Vietnam War. In the 1990s, Berkeley had become the key sponsor and fomenter of the Kosovo War. This was a remarkable transformation and demonstrated just how successful the US government, Pentagon, and media were in counteracting the Vietnam Syndrome. Berkeley now was famous as the place where the NPR/CNN Anne Frank of Kosovo propaganda was hatched and concocted.
The real Anne Frank died at the real German concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen in March, 1945. Her father, Otto Frank, was the sole survivor of the family. He prepared the diary for publication. What is the content of the Diary? Does it offer a humanistic outlook or humanitarian vision absent of nationalism and racial/ethnic polarization?
Structurally, the Diary is poignant and tragic, but offers no new viewpoint or insight on ethnic tolerance and nationalism. Anne Frank perceived ethnic identity in the same way Adolf Hitler did, as a bipolar dichotomy of us versus them. In her entry for October 12, 1942, the following entry appears:
Nice people, the Germans! To think that I was once one of them too. No, Hitler took away our nationality long ago. In fact, Germans and Jews are the greatest enemies in the world today.
She perceived an artificial division between us, Jews, and them, the Germans. She stated that she was once one of them. She stereotyped all Germans as ''them''. She also created a dichotomy between friends, the British, and ''enemies'', Germans, seeing the German people in a racist stereotype as the ''enemy'' and as ''enemies''. She also saw the inherent conflict as one of ''nationality'' or nationalism, the identification with a particular nation or nation-state. She exhibits a racism and ethnic bigotry. She has a pet cat which she named ''Boche'', or German, a derogatory and racist ethnic slur for ethnic Germans of French origin, particularly popular in France during World War II during the racist anti-German hysteria, meaning idiot or blockhead, from alboche, French for cabbage. It would be like Germans naming their cat ''Yid'' or ''Kike'' or ''Nigger'' or ''Spick''. Similarly, the Bosnian Muslim Anne Frank, Zlata Filipovic, terms all Serbs Chetniks, in her diary, a term to describe Serbian guerrillas during World War II who engaged in a guerrilla war against the German occupation. The three ethnic warring groups in Bosnia, the Muslims, Croats, and Serbs, referred to each other in derogatory stereotypes created after WWII to refer to each other: All Muslims were ''Turks'', all Croats were ''Ustasha'', all Serbs were ''Chetniks''. These were the racist stereotypes the groups had of each other brainwashed during the Communist era. These Diaries offer no new vision of ethnic tolerance or humanity or human compassion. They, in fact, engage in racist polarization and enmity exactly like the forces they are fighting against; they mirror the language and structures used by their enemies.
What solution or political vision for tolerance and ethnic multi-culturalism does Anne Frank offer? She wrote as follows:
I go to a meeting of the Zionist movement. Im by no means a fanatic, but I have a leaning that way.
Her answer is Zionism, which can be seen as a racist, ultra-nationalist movement, the mirror reflection or image of Nazism. In the Zionist ideology, Jews are the chosen people or the chosen race; in Nazi ideology, the Germans are the master race. A UN Resolution 3379, passed the UN General Assembly equating Zionism with racism, passed by the international community, has in fact equated Zionism with racism. So under the international community and under the UN, Anne Frank would be deemed a racist. Anne Frank offers nothing other than the mirror image of Adolf Hitler. One racism is pitted against another racism, one ultra-nationalism is juxtaposed to another ultra-nationalism, Zionism and Nazism. But why is the diary of Anne Frank held up to be a panacea for ethnic conflict. Why isnt it exposed as a sham? The book has tremendous propaganda value, as NPR, CNN, the Pentagon, the US State department, and the US Government have discovered. It is all about propaganda or information warfare.
But why is a book with no real value in understanding ethnic conflicts and competing nationalisms still used in propaganda. Propaganda appeals on the emotional level and the subconscious level. Propaganda works not only on the conscious level, but on the subconscious level. We think we are in control, but this is a delusion. The propagandist or information technologist, the Pentagon psyop specialist and PR spin doctor and media analyst, hold all the strings. Unconscious or subliminal perception is not new. In 400 B.C., the Greek philosopher Democritus wrote that much is perceptible which is not perceived by us. Aristotle discussed subliminal perception in Parva Naturalia: Impulses occurring in the daytime, if they are not very great or powerful, passed unnoticed because of greater waking impulses. But in the time of sleep, the opposite takes place, for then small impulses seem to be great.
The Austrian psychologist Otto Poetzle developed the Law of Exclusion, arguing that people exclude conscious perceptions from their dreams. Instead, subliminal perception is the basis of dream content. In other words, we disregard subliminal or subconscious impressions, but they emerge in dreams where they are shown to have an impact on our minds. Subliminal or unconscious perception is fundamental in understanding propaganda and information technology.
The US information technologist/propagandist/infowar/ psyop specialist uses the Holocaust propaganda paradigm or analogy to subliminally influence the mind of the recipient of the propaganda/brainwashing embeds/images. Western/American democratic and republican political principles are founded upon free will or free/independent choice which distinguishes the US from totalitarian states/systems. But subliminal stimuli operate on the subconscious, which cannot be controlled. All effective spin or public relations or psyop techniques or propaganda operate at the subliminal, subconscious level. In other words, we have no free/independent will or choice. The government dictates how we will feel, how we will react, how we will think, how we will choose. This is why the Founding Fathers regarded all governments as a necessary evil which needed to be limited, restricted, and controlled. When we see images that are constantly repeated of Albanian refugees, of massacred Albanian civilians, we are being forced to think a certain way, we have no free choice in how we think about the Kosovo crisis.
The Holocaust analogy propaganda of the US infowar is an example of subliminal stimuli, using the Transfer Technique in propaganda to control thought and emotion, to influence and to persuade. The Adona/Anne Frank of Kosovo propaganda paradigm of the US psyop specialists was not meant to appeal on the conscious but rather on the subconscious level. Consciously, we can deduce that the Anne Frank analogy is absurd and ludicrous and morally unethical. But in the anti-Serbian racist frenzy and bigoted anti-Orthodox zealotry, an appeal to the emotion and subconscious is highly effective. Under the Poetzle Effect or Alarm Clock Effect, the subliminal embed of the Holocaust analogy is subconsciously embedded or established and evokes a behavioral response many hours, months, or years after the initial perception of the subembedded stimuli. Subconsciously we associate the separatist/secessionist/terrorist nature of the conflict in Kosovo with the Holocaust and the Albanian minority is associated with European Jews during the Holocaust. Consciously we understand that Kosovo conflict as a secessionist/terrorist racist war against Orthodox Serbians Christians, but subconsciously we make an emotional association with the Holocaust and the Jews. This is what the US propagandist/psyop specialist intends all along. We have little or no control over this process. The US infowar technologist or propagandist knows this. The US propagandist/infowar technologist has won.
Subliminal persuasion techniques are not new. US commercial advertising is dependent upon subliminal persuasion. Advertisers do not explain why drinking Coca-Cola is good for you. US advertisers do not explain why smoking cigarette products is good for your health. Instead, the sales pitch is made at the subliminal, subconscious level, the effective/emotional level, not the cognitive/reasoning level. In a Coca-Cola commercial, Cal Ripkin of the Baltimore Orioles is shown drinking a Coke in an empty stadium. At the conscious level, the ad imparts nothing. But subconsciously, the ad says everything. One of the greatest athletes in baseball drinks Coke, by implication, Coke is healthy, Coke is a soft-drink of great athletes. By implication, Coke is an All-American drink, right up there with the American flag as a symbol of America. Coke is the soft-drink of freedom. Can an ad be any more effective than this one? The impact is all essentially at the subliminal level. Likewise, cigarette ads show a cattle rancher usually on a horse in a mountainous ranch locale. The stimulus is directed at the subconscious. Cigarette smoking is conducive to rugged individualism and hard physical activity. The ad does not have to say anything. The impact is all at the subconscious level.
The subconscious nature of propaganda is well known. In Mein Kampf (1924), Adolf Hitler explained the mechanisms of subliminal persuasion. In 1957, James Vicary, a US market researcher caused a nationwide frenzy when he introduced the tachistoscope, a film projector that could flash messages on a movie screen at the rate of 1/3000th of a second. Vicary flashed the messages Drink Coca-Cola and Hungary? Eat Popcorn in movie theaters. The messages were subconsciously perceived by viewers although not detected consciously. While discredited, nevertheless, these subliminal techniques highlight how the game works, how to sell everything from detergent, soap, soft-drinks, to war and military intervention. Vicary took the technique to the level of absurdity, a reductio ad absurdum.
A conscious association can trigger a subliminal precept buried in the unconscious that is dormant and latent. This was why the Holocaust and Anne Frank of Kosovo/Adona propaganda was used. The US propagandist sought to camouflage and falsify the fact that the Albanian conflict was an violently and virulently anti-Serbian, anti-Orthodox, racist separatist/secessionist/terrorist conflict by establishing a misleading and spurious association with the Holocaust/Anne Frank. The US infowar technologist and propagandist made use of the Transfer Technique in propaganda analysis, a routine and well-established infowar technique. Wars come and go, but propaganda techniques remain constant.